Brown and Caldwell Home Page
Technical Papers RECENT PAPERS    ALL PAPERS      LOG IN

Brown and Caldwell engineers and scientists are technical and thought leaders in the environmental sector. Meet the people who have been advancing innovation for more than 70 years.
Author      Title/Abstract      


Nitrification in one week without external seeding – Startup of a new BNR plant
Author: John Bratby, Stephanie Fevig, Chris Douville, Dan Freeman, Ernie Oram, Denny Parker
Date: 10/08
Preprint, WEFTEC '08, Chicago, IL, October 18-22, 2008

The City of Boulder converted their existing TF/SC process to a 25 mgd BNR activated sludge plant. Initial construction required removing 31-percent of the trickling filter capacity while still meeting effluent permit limits during construction. The TF/SC process was operated to develop nitrifying organisms to serve as seed for startup of the new activated sludge system. This made importation of seed sludge unnecessary. Monitoring of the secondary clarifiers was important to avoid excessive solids loading rates. Full nitrification was achieved within approximately one week after startup. A calibrated Biowin™ simulator was used for design as well as to closely predict startup and operating conditions. Dynamic simulations were used to define stable operating SRTs at each mixed liquor temperature. The value of using the operational tools developed for this project was demonstrated by the results during startup and the first year of operation.