Brown and Caldwell Home Page
Technical Papers RECENT PAPERS    ALL PAPERS      LOG IN

Brown and Caldwell engineers and scientists are technical and thought leaders in the environmental sector. Meet the people who have been advancing innovation for more than 70 years.
Author      Title/Abstract      

A Novel Sludge Suction Retrofit of The Metropolitian Wastewater Treatment Plants Final Settling Tanks
Author: Eric Wahlberg, Tim Block, K.H. Garman, Denny Parker, H.P. Voth
Presented at WEF 73nd Annual Conference and Exposition, Anaheim, California, October 14-18, 2000

Brown and Caldwell designed a stationary sludge suction header as part of a retrofit of 3 of 24 rectangular final settling tanks, or clarifiers, for demonstration at the Metropolitan Wastewater Treatment Plant (Metro) in St. Paul, Minnesota. The sludge suction header replaced a cross collector system that contributed to re-suspension of settled solids and the formation of transverse currents. The retrofit was completed in December 1996 at a cost of only $115,000 per clarifier. During the following year, Metro operators conducted a supplemental sampling program, consisting of sludge settling, flocculation, and compaction testing, that would provide the basis for a performance comparison between modified and unmodified clarifiers. Improved effluent quality of the modified over the unmodified clarifiers was evident. Statistical analysis of sludge characterization data linked improved performance to the new sludge suction header. Based on these results, the remaining 21 final clarifiers at Metro will be identically retrofitted.