Brown and Caldwell Home Page
Technical Papers RECENT PAPERS    ALL PAPERS      LOG IN

Brown and Caldwell engineers and scientists are technical and thought leaders in the environmental sector. Meet the people who have been advancing innovation for more than 70 years.
Author      Title/Abstract      

Monofills and Surface Disposal of Sludges
Author: Perry L. Schafer
Date: 6/105

Sludge disposal methods take many forms. This paper describes sludge-only land disposal methods, their primary features, and typical current requirements for control measures needed to meet environmental standards of the late 1980s in the USA. Within this paper, the various disposal methods include monofills, or sludge-only landfills, lagoons, and soil surface or subsurface land application or injection techniques. Beneficial use methods, which entail growing any kind of commercial or non-commercial crop or obtaining any nutrient benefit for landscaping or other activity, are not included here. The methods described are strictly "disposal" oriented, not "beneficial use" oriented.