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Author      Title/Abstract      

Integrated Coastal Management - A Global Trend in Managing a Degrading Marine Environment
Author: Almon M. Shen, Han-Bin Liang
Date: 1/295
For presentation at the 1995 International Chinese Environmental Protection Conference, San Francisco, California, January 21 and 22

Growing public awareness and increased scientific knowledge have generated a clearer recognition of the need for an integrated management system to resolve the environmental degradation of coastal areas. Integrated coastal management (ICM) is an ecologically based approach to the management of the coastal environment. It is especially useful for areas having a predominantly urban theme. A complete ICM will address all important issues in coastal waters, coastal lands and sediments, costal ecosystems and coastal hazards.