Brown and Caldwell Home Page
Technical Papers RECENT PAPERS    ALL PAPERS      LOG IN

Brown and Caldwell engineers and scientists are technical and thought leaders in the environmental sector. Meet the people who have been advancing innovation for more than 70 years.
Author      Title/Abstract      


Treatment Plant Design Optimization: How Big is Big Enough
Author: M. Steve Merrill, Denny S. Parker, Richard Finger
Date: 10/93
Presented at WEF 66th Annual Conference, Anaheim, California, October 3-7, 1993

This paper presents the results of a re-rating study for the activated sludge system at the Municipality of Metropolitan Seattle's East Division Reclamation Plant at Renton, Washington. Using mathematical simulation models for the biological process and for the secondary clarifiers, it was found that a 27 percent increase in average dry weather flow capacity could be achieved by 1) replacing exiting side channel swing diffuser units with full floor coverage fine bubble diffuser grids, and 2) using chlorination of return sludge or an anaerobic biological selector to control solids settling characteristics. This permitted the system to be expanded to accommodate over a 50 percent increase in flow with only an 33 percent increase in aeration tank volume.